grammar course

USES OF "POR" AND "PARA"

The prepositionen por and para supposes one of the most difficulties for the most of the foreigners since in many other languages is used the same preposition for both cases. In this article we are going to offer you a small summary of the different functions that these two preposition have.

PREPOSITIONS

There are many verbs that habitually are accompanied of a concrete preposition. For example, we say confiar takes the preposition en.

On the other hand there are many fixed expressions formed by a preposition and a noun. Some of them have a figurative sense and it is necessary to look for its meaning in the dictionaries.
a máquina / por correo / de rodillas / a cántaros / de memoria/ por los codos

The following ones prepositions are used to express:

APOCOPATED FORMS OF THE ADJECTIVE

Some adjectives (not only qualify adjectives) are apocopated in their singular masculine form, when they go before the noun. The most frequent are:

ARTICLES "EL" and "UN" BEFORE THE FEMININE NOUNS

Historical origin:
The forms and that combines with feminine words that begin by a or (ha) tonic are historically feminine, since it wass Latin origin also feminine illam (> ell> el(a)), unam (> un(a)). Therefore, it is necessary to speak of forms, masculine ones el, un (el niño, un niño), and other ones feminine (el alma, un alma).