PERSONAL PRONOUN “DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECT”

In this article we are going to speak about the characteristics and uses of the personal pronouns in case of Direct and Indirect Object without preposition.

THE FORM:
Personal pronoun of Direct Object (without preposition)

Singular: ME, TE, LO(LE)/LA
Plural: NOS, OS, LOS(LES)/LAS

Personal pronoun of Indirect Object (without preposition)

Singular: ME, TE, LE(SE)
Plural: NOS, OS, LES(SE)

USES OF THE PERSONAL PRONOUNS:

A) Personal pronoun (subject and complement without preposition).

1.- The masculine personal pronoun of direct object for person and thing are lo and los. Nevertheless, the use of le and les is also accepted when it is masculine person.

¿Has visto a Fernando? / No sé, hace un rato le vi en su cuarto.

2.- When direct object is mentioned before the verb, it is repeated in pronominal form.

Estas naranjas las he comprado yo.

3.- The personal pronoun of direct and indirect object go in front of the verb, except when the verb goes in affirmative imperative,infinitive or gerund, then it goes behind the verb.

¡Cómpramelo! / ¿Puedes comprármelo? / ¿Has hecho los deberes?; No estoy haciéndolos?

4.- When it is necessary to use both pronouns (direct object and indirect object) the indirect object always is in the first place.

¿Te han dado ya los resultados? / No me los darán la próxima semana.

5.- When the pronoun le (indirect object) it is followed by a direct object of 3ª person (lo, la, los, las), the first one becomes in se.

¿Le has puesto el pijama a la niña? / Sí, ya se lo he puesto.

6.- When indirect object appears before the verb, it is repeated in pronominal form.

A mi madre le han pagado el dinero que le debían.

7.- If the Indirect Object it is mentioned after the verb, he is almost always before repeated in pronominal form, although it is not obligatory.

¿Le has pagado a Pepe el dinero que le debías?

B) Pronominal verbs:

There are many pronominal verbs that always go with the pronouns: me, te, le, nos, os, les

¿No te importa lo que diga la gente?
A nosotros nos molesta la música del piano.<7i>